Fakultäten » Medizinische Fakultät » Psychiatrische Universitätsklinik » Psychiatrie, Psychotherapie und Psychosomatik, Klinik für » Prof. Dr. Daniel Hell (emeritiert) » Hell

Completed research project

Title / Titel History of psychiatry - the concept of a 'medical psychology' in the work of Eugen Bleuler
PDF Abstract (PDF, 14 KB)
Summary / Zusammenfassung The name of Eugen Bleuler is usually known in the context of the definition and conceptualization of schizophrenic disorders. Main other topics, less known in literature, are alcoholism, forensic psychiatry and general psychological topics of meaning of consciousness, formation of motive and will. Bleulers point of view presents itself as an empirically-based and anti-philosophic one, definitely deterministic concerning the topic of human 'freedom of will'. Eugen Bleuler refers to an already (especially by Richard Semon) systematically developed theory called 'Mnemism' that he interpreted and applied to the psychological circumstances mentioned above. That theory of 'mnemism', that can be most adaequately described as a biogenetic-vitalistic theory, is assuming, that all organic life - independent of the possibility of a self-reflecting consciousness - is able to learn experiences made by analysis of environment and to pass it on following generations. Pattern of stimulus reactions are in the sense of this theory memorized ('engraphiert') and reactivated under similar situational circumstances ('ekphoriert') by the psychological mode of association. The influence of psychoanalytical theories, especially the presumed importance of infantil sexuality, on Bleulers understanding of a medical psychology seems to fade over the years.
Publications / Publikationen Moeller, A., D. Hell (1999) Das allgemeinpsychologische Konzept im Spaetwerk Eugen Bleulers - Versuch der zusammenfassenden Darstellung eines vergessenen Theorieentwurfes 60 Jahre nach der letzten Veröffentlichung. Fortschr. Neurol. Psychiatr. 67:147-154.

Moeller, A., D. Hell (1999) Die wissenschaftliche Psychologie im Werk Eugen Bleulers. Psychiatrische Praxis 26:157-162.

Project leadership and contacts /
Projektleitung und Kontakte
Dr. med. et Dr. phil. A. Moeller  
Prof. Dr. med. D. Hell (Project Leader)
Funding source(s) /
Unterstützt durch
PUK Zurich, self-funded
Duration of Project / Projektdauer Jan 1999 to Dec 2003